Preschool Education in Japan – An Inside Look

Little preschoolers having a gala time outside the classrooms, with some of them jumping up and down in the open air while others enjoying the slides – On the other side of the wall, inside the premises, children are singing and dancing together in a group and some of them are making origami airplanes with help of their preschool teacher -> This is how an average day in a Japanese preschool looks like.

Preschool Education in Japan – An Inside Look

In the Japanese early-education system teachers as well as parents believe in play-based learning and the importance of letting a child participate and mingle in big groups. Learning through purposeful play is the cornerstone of the Japanese preschool.

Unlike the preschools in other countries the class size is bigger in Japan, you’ll find somewhere between thirty to thirty-five students that too with only one teacher, that’s an extremely high teacher-to-student ratio. However, as per the Japanese culture, it is believed and accepted that children should play in large groups in order to prepare them for becoming a part of a larger community.

In the past two decades the Japanese education system has evolved in a number of ways, not only have they revised and reduced the preschool curriculum they have also eliminated the concept of Saturday classes. One of the reasons behind these positive changes is advanced preschool accreditation agencies like QualityKG. QualityKG has introduced first-rate preschool curriculum accreditation for the best preschools and play school franchises.

Not only have they introduced innovative standards for early childhood education, they have also introduced globally relevant preschool development programs under which teachers are trained to promote a child’s inventiveness and enthusiasm for learning, among other things.

While attending preschool isn’t mandatory in Japan, still, the enrollment of 3-5-year-olds is nearly 100% and the concept of homeschooling is close to nonexistent in Japan.

A day at a preschool in Japan:

For the most part, the preschools are a happy place with positive, experienced and committed teachers. The day starts with a morning assembly. The teacher talks with all the students and checks their renrakuchou (a little almanac which is exchanged between the parents and the teacher on a daily basis). The teacher shares her observations and concerns about the child, and parents ask the teacher for advice through the renrakuchou, they also ask questions related to excursions and activities through this channel.

Both free and directed play is an integral part of Japanese preschools. The teachers plan, practice and train the little toddlers in both types of purposeful play activities. Throughout the year the preschools frequently organize field trips, events, picnics, festival and birthday celebrations most of which include the involvement and active participation of parents.

To end with:

Preschool schooling in Japan lays more emphasis on the emotional development of the pupils, along with purposeful play, friendship, accountability, and culture.  When the preschools are powered by advanced preschool accreditation agencies like QualityKG then the students also develop skills like creativity and kindliness through activities like drawing, gardening, crafting, dancing, singing and playing and many more.


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